Superseded general not to resign, pledges support to new army chief - Broadsword by Ajai Shukla - Strategy. Economics. Defence.

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Saturday 31 December 2016

Superseded general not to resign, pledges support to new army chief

General Dalbir Singh reviews a Gurkha guard of honour before handing over as army chief

By Ajai Shukla
Business Standard, 31st Dec 16

Lieutenant General Praveen Bakshi, who has been superseded by General Bipin Rawat as the chief of army staff (COAS) from the New Year, has announced he will continue in service.

Even as Gen Rawat was ceremonially taking over charge as army chief on Saturday morning in New Delhi, Bakshi personally addressed his staff at Headquarters Eastern Command in Kolkata, stating that he would extend his full support to Rawat.

Bakshi’s address was relayed by videoconference to other headquarters under his jurisdiction.

Bakshi complimented all the men in Eastern Command for their commitment and service and urged them to join him in continuing their good work.

Following the government’s announcement on December 17 that Rawat would succeed the outgoing chief, General Dalbir Singh Suhag, speculation had been rife that the two generals who Rawat would be superseding --- Bakshi and Lieutenant General PM Hariz who heads Southern Command --- would be resigning from service.

Defence ministry sources put out the rationale that Rawat, an infantry officer, had greater experience in handling counter-insurgency operations than Bakshi, who is from the armoured corps and well-versed in mechanised warfare.

It is an unwritten military tradition for senior generals to resign when a junior supersedes them for the post of army chief (though not for lesser posts). When General Arun Vaidya superseded his senior, Lieutenant General SK Sinha as COAS in 1983, Sinha promptly submitted his resignation.

In this case, however, Bakshi is understood to have been assured by Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar that the process was under way to appoint him as India’s first tri-service commander, a post that would, at least nominally, place him senior to Rawat.

This assurance was apparently conveyed when Bakshi met Parrikar in his office on December 21.

Parrikar, as well as Prime Minister Narendra Modi, have publicly committed to appointing a tri-service commander.

Clearing this post has been a difficult process; with the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) bureaucracy steadfastly opposed the announcement of a five-star chief of defence staff (CDS), who would be senior even to the cabinet secretary, the top bureaucrat.

The compromise solution being worked through the system involves creating the four-star post of “permanent chairman chiefs of staff” (PCCOS), which the Naresh Chandra Task Force had proposed in 2013. This would be a fourth four-star general, in addition to the existing chiefs of the army, navy and air force. The PCCOS appointment would require cabinet clearance.

The PCCOS is spoken of as a “first amongst equals” with the three service chiefs. However, at least for the present, the three service chiefs would have clear fiefdoms while the PCCOS would only be a an upgraded version of the three-star officer who currently heads the Integrated Defence Staff, handling perspective planning, and tri-service issues of equipment and manpower structuring.

Appointing Bakshi as PCCOS would involve the delicate matter of leap-frogging him above Admiral Sunil Lanba, the current navy chief, who is senior to Bakshi. Lanba is currently the Chairman, Chiefs of Staff Committee, which includes the three service chiefs.

Furthermore, it is unclear what time lines the government is working on for clearing the appointment of the first PCCOS, or precisely what assurances have been given to Bakshi. Speaking on television on Friday, Parrikar stated that he would put up a proposal to the PM in January, who would then take a decision.

Bakshi is due to retire in the normal course in July 2017. In case the government is unable to clear the PCCOS post by then, it would fall to another officer.


  1. Maj Gen V K Das(Retd)31 December 2016 at 02:37

    There is no need for the CDS to be a five star general. All over the world the CDS is a four star general or equivalent. Five stars are given only during the war time. In all major democracies of the world the CDS or equivalent officers are all four star.Also, there is no rule that a CDS will have to be senior to the Cabinet secretary. It is for the Govt to decide.
    For example, FM Manekshaw even during service after he was made a FM continued to be where he was in the order of precedence as a four star general. .

    1. Sir , Pl go through the history of CDS of UK on which Indian CDS is modelled (since India does not have theatre commands like USA). From its inception in 1959 till 1997 the CDS was a five star General / Eqvt. The post was reduced to four star only because the size and strength of British Armed Forces reduced drastically and the reduced strength did not warrant a five star General.

  2. The call was entirely that of Bakshi. Wonder if others would have made a different choice. However, this negotiation and manipulation game is not good for the services. The Govt has brought the services down to their type of dealing, marked by intrigue and backstabbing.

  3. The practice and tradition of fixing up an officer to be the Chief in IA ( and destroying many in order to achieve that) as has been happening in the past must end and that can only end if seniority and date of birth is not the criteria. Period.

    Secondly, no one should be allowed to work as a pressure group on any lines specially political lines to convass for an appointment which is capable of influencing big financial matters.

    I really wonder what are your interests ??

  4. Ajay shykla, Are you sure gen Bakshi has been promised CDS? Did parrikar or gen Bakshi tell you that? If there was a smear campaign against gen Bakshi to get him sacked then how will govt find him fit to be CDS, unless you again are so sure that govt regrets his supersession and want to re established his reputation? Skull duggery has probably already taken place and that's it! Govt probably never expected gen Bakshi will get so much support from serving and veterans who are aware of this fig leaf of gen Rawat having more counter insurgency operations. These operations are responsibility if para forces like CRPF unless army has reduced it self to being a para military force!!


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